Kaftan or Caftan is a Dress which was worn by Royalties and Sultans thousands years ago.
It’s a piece of art, mixing a fusion of bright materiel with shaded colors and decorative embellishments such as embroidery, beads, ribbons, sequins, patterns, metallic gold or silver thread etc.
The Kaftan is usually a handmade dress with comfortable, exotic and elegant style. It could be dressy, casual or formal ware worn for special events, private parties or weddings.
Originally the Kaftan came from Mesopotamia and Asia in 600 B.C, by the 13th century, it spread through eastern Europe more specifically into Turkey where Kaftan become a formal ware of the Ottoman Empire Sultans and Nobles. It was used also as a precious present to honor the court guests such viziers and the official visitors. As the Ottoman Empire expanded its territories across the Mediterranean region so did its culture and crafts. Morocco was among the few who embraced the Kaftan couture.
But it’s only in the sixties that the Kaftan style starts to be popular in the West when the fashions legends Yves Saint Laurent and Christian Dior used the Kaftan style for their collections. It was also the first time when Vogue and Harper Bazaar start talking about the Kaftan. Then it becomes popular as a hostess gowns.
From Mesopotamia Land to
the Kingdom of Morocco
Silk Ottoman Kaftan with gold thread embroidery
end of XVIII and beginning of XIX Century .
Photo Louis-Michel Lauprête
Photo of Luc Viatour. Marrakech Bahia